Bruschi die casting BLOG. Stay on top of the Industry

As winner of numerous international awards, Bruschi Spa is known for its innovative approach in design and technology. We are glad to share our insights and experiences with the industry members.

The Advantages of Zinc Casting Alloys

by Martina Fagnani December 14, 2016

zinc-casting-alloys

Zinc casting alloys provide a better combination of strength, toughness, rigidity, bearing, performance and economical castability than any other alloy possible. In fact their properties often exceed the ones of other alloys such as aluminium, magnesium, bronze, plastics and other cast irons. For its properties of strength and duration zinc is the perfect choice for saving time and money.

In this article you will read a detalied comparison between Zinc and

  • Aluminium 
  • Magnesium
  • Machined Steel

And the main benefits of its use.

Comparison between Zinc casting alloys and alternative materials

Designers need to compare materials and examine it in depth at the moment of the choice of the material for the die casting process.

Aluminium

Zinc alloy is more precise than aluminium. Using zinc the designer can create smaller draft angles, smaller and longer cored holes, thinner wall sections are possible. Another important point is that the designer can have a much longer tool life; furthermore zinc has a better machinability and formability but the most important element is that with zinc designers can have lower casting costs.

In terms of avoiding defects zinc alloys is that devices made with this alloy are less likely to leak than those made with aluminium; in fact aluminium tends to expose to porosity and create leaks.

Magnesium 

Magnesium is notable for its low density and its price is similar to the aluminium one. When magnesium it is compared to zinc alloys its performances are not so good, in fact in terms of strength to cost ratio and rigidity to cost ratio zinc properties are much more superior than magnesium ones.

Using zinc the designer can save in terms of process costs, can reach a better precision, can have a better corrosion resistance; in addiction zinc has a superior tensile strength and elongation, can create lower draft angles and reach a superior formability.

Machined steel

Steel is cheaper than zinc alloy but, using zinc, the designer can reduce the process costs reaching a better precision. Steel has a limited design and if the designer need to reproduce complex features he needs to assembly pressings.

We can say that zinc has many advantages but the most important one is that it allows the designer to have a better product saving in terms of cost and time.

Areas where zinc is mostly used

Zinc is a material that suits perfectly for many sectors such as:

  • Home appliances
  • Automotive
  • Mechanical sector
  • Electronic sector

We can say that zinc is suitable for different sectors because has many properties that allow the perfect outcome for products in a cost and time saving approach.

Core benefits of using zinc

One of the most important benefit of zinc is its accuracy, in fact zinc alloys allow closer tolerances than any other metal or molded plastic. This is one of the major benefits of zinc die casting.

Secondly its machinability because zinc characteristics that are trouble-free decrease machining costs, this is a very competitive issue over other materials.

Thin wall capability results smaller, lighter and low cost compared to other metals.

Zinc alloys can be casted with less draft angle than other materials, in fact its components can be casted with zero draft angles that is an advance during the moving mechanical process. All these steps are cost saving.

With zinc is also possible to distort parts to achieve the requested shape in a customer - centric way.

Zinc-Casting-Alloys-Zamak

In addiction there are inner characteristics that do not need to be compared.

Hereunder a list that summarize them:

Assembly operation reduced

Zinc has many advantages in fact the assembly operations are reduced, the entire part is casted as a single unit without extra expansive manual operations.

Less material required

Zinc allows the design of thin wall sections to reduce cost reducing weight and material, thanks to its fluidity, strength and stiffness.

Machining operation reduced

Machining operation can be eliminated or reduced thanks to net shape capability of zinc alloy.

Surface finishing

With zinc is possible to achieve particular aesthetic characteristics.

Eliminate bearings and bushings

Zinc allows an amazing design flexibility and with it is possible to reduce other costs such as fabrication costs eliminating small bushing and wear inserts.

Choosing low, medium or high production

There are many different casting processes related to the quantity or size required by the client.

Faster production

Zinc die casting processes are much faster than aluminium or magnesium ones.

Extended tool life

Despite using tools often charges are reduced.

Environmental  harmony

With zinc casting alloys pollution and greenhouse gases are reduced significantly.

All those elements sustain the theory that using zinc instead of other alloys such as aluminum or magnesium is better in terms of cost saving.

Zinc-Casting-Alloys

Of course it’s important not to underrate the help that zinc can give not only to performance or structure but in aesthetic terms.

Using zinc is possible to create special components, reaching a high aesthetic level given by its finishing.

Finishing

An important advantage of zinc is that it can be finished by a wide variety of techniques because the material is acceptable for many uses in the uncoated state, avoiding in this way the costs for the finishing.

If zinc is for an outdoor purpose its structure is disposed to darken with age because it’s used in a corrosive external environment.

To avoid this problem it is possible to use some decorative finishes such as electroplated, electropainted, powder coated and wet painted. All this additional elements can be used as a corrosion protection.

Our technical staff is available to support your designers' inventiveness and to develop innovative and creative solutions together, should you need any further information, please get in contact with Bruschi.

New Call-to-action

To be updated on trends and innovations in Zinc Die Casting Industry, you are welcome to subscribe to our blog.

Topics: Zinc casting VAVE